H J Kania

Justice

H J Kania

Name -  Harilal Jekisundas Kania.

Born-
November 3, 1890, Surat, India

Died- 1
951

Alma mater –
   B.A. from Samaldas College, Bhavnagar.
                         LL.B. Government Law College, Mumbai

Designation -
  Judge of High Court, Bombay from 1933-1946.
                        
                         Chief Justice of  the Federal Court of India
                       
                         Chief Justice of India.

Justice H J Kania became the first Chief Justice of Independent India and Republic of India. Kania was born to a middle-class family at Surat. His grandfather had been a revenue officer in Gujarat with the British Government, and his father Jekisundas was a Sanskrit professor and later principal of Samaldas College in the princely state of Bhavnagar.

He was Appointed as Acting Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court in 1944 and 1945. Then appointed as the Judge of Federal Court on 20 June 1946 to 13 August 1947.He took oath as the Chief Justice of India on 15 August. 1947.
For a time, Kania served as acting editor of the Indian Law Reports. Briefly serving as an acting judge on the Bombay High Court in 1930, he was appointed an additional judge on the same court in June 1931, serving until March 1933. Kania then returned to the bar for three months until he was promoted to associate judge in June. By then the most senior associate judge at the High Court, he was intended to succeed Chief Justice However, Kania served as acting chief justice from May–September 1944 and from June–October 1945.

He was promoted to associate judge of the Federal Court,and then headed by Sir Patrick Spens (later Lord Spens) on 20 June 1946. Spens retired on 14 August 1947, and Kania succeeded him as Chief Justice. After India became a republic on 26 January 1950, Kania was appointed the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India. Acting as Chief Justice he read oath to Dr. Rajendra Prasad, India"s first President.
Retired on 06 November 1951


 
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